Back when Pinoy kids did not have the internet and video games, they played games in the streets such as piko, tumbang preso, luksong tinik, patintero, bahay-bahayan, sungka, luksong baka and other traditional games that has been part of the culture of the Philippines. As what they said, “HINDI KA GANAP NA ISANG PINOY KUNG HINDI MO NARANASAN ANG GANITONG URI NG MGA LARO.”
There are many known traditional Filipino games for kids, but I will only name the Filipino traditional games that I still remember when I was a kid.
- Tumbang preso
This is a very common game among the youth all over the country, played in backyards, parks or even in streets with less vehicular traffic. The equipment needed are empty milk can, slipper or a piece of flat stone as “pamato.”“Tumbang Preso” is a game that played many years here in the Philippines and until now even though our generation change some of our greatest games are alive and still kicking.
For as long as anyone can remember, there has always been a sungka board in the Filipino homes. The sungka board is a small treasure-the older it is, the more precious, it sits on a side table or a top a bench, waiting to be played.
A shallow boat made of solid wood at both ends of, which are large deep bowls carved out of the wood. The whole length of the boat is lined with seven smaller bowls carved in pairs.
PROPS Pebbles, “Sigay” or shells seeds
- Sungka is always played by two people.
- Each players fills up his seven smaller bowls with 7 “Sigay” each.
3. Both players start at the same time.
- The object of the game is to put as many “Sigay” as possible in the large bowl as to cause the opponent to lose one or two of his smaller bowls in the succeeding games which means he losses.
- If at the end of 15 minutes, nobody has been declared as winner, the game will be called off. Each player counts the number of “Sigay” in the opponent’s large bowl.
- The player with the most number of “Sigay” wins.
Piko is the Filipino version of hopscotch. I always see my two sisters playing this game when they were still kids, because it is a popular game among the girls. Piko is often a girls’ game but even boys enjoy it. Piko or hopscotch is very popular in the Philippines. You can use chalk or charcoal to write the boxes on the ground. If it is on soil, you can use a stick to create the boxes. Boxes are either 8, 10 or 12 and their steps (whether 1 or 2) may vary. A child can play this alone but it is usually much more fun if you have several playmates to play with you.
This is a popular game not only for kids, but including adults. I remember that we played this game not only in the morning, but sometimes in the evening when it is full moon. We used chalk or water to make lines. The rule of the game is very simple: make it sure that you can cross the line without being catch or touch by the other group.
- Luksong Tinik
Two players will be the base by putting their right feet or left feet together. While the other players will jump without touching the two players feet. The mechanics here is dividing the players into two groups and choosing a leader for each group called“Nanay” (mother). The team makes “bato-bato pick” or jack en poy to choose who will start first and who “taya” (base team) is. The start is made by two base players serving their feet together and let the other team players to jump over without touching their feet. After they all successfully jump, the difficulty will increase by putting base player hands on top of their feet making it high and difficult to jump over. An additional hand from other base player will put on top to make it more elevated if they successfully pass from the previous height until one of the serving players will make touch the spread fingers on top (called thorns). If this happen, the “Nanay” or mother needed to redeem the other player who missed the earlier jump. If the “Nanay” misses the jump, the team exchange in place and the games starts anew.
- Luksong baka
It consists of a minimum of three (3) players and maximum of ten (10) players. It involves the players jumping over the person called the “Baka” and the main goal of the players is to successfully jump over the “baka” without touching or falling over him/her.
This is the American version of hide-and-seek. The ‘taya’ will say these phrase while the players are looking for their place to hide.
“Tagu-taguan maliwanag ang buwan. Pagbilang ko nang sampu nakatago na kayo.
After the counting is done, he/she will locate those who are hiding. This game is more challenging when it is done in the evening. My father told me that he and his siblings always play this game when it is full moon in the evening.
This is a very good game for kids. They will act as a family member. Each of them will be given a responsibility like cooking,taking care of an imaginary baby,etc. I remember that my playmates always bring small cooking objects made of clay, while I am in charge of building our small imaginary house made from banana leaves or blankets.
The object that is being used in this game is called ‘sipa’. It is toss upward for the player to kick it using the foot. The player will kick it as long as he wants. However, the ‘sipa’ must not touch the ground. The player with most number of kicks wins the game.
- Langit Lupa
You need to say these lyrics in choosing the ‘taya’ while pointing to the player one by one-“langit lupa impyerno. im im impyerno. Saksak puso tulo ang dugo, patay buhay umalis ka diyan sa puwesto mo!” The player will be the ‘taya’. If he/she is pointed after the song. Then the ‘taya Langit Lupa – You need to say these lyrics in choosing the ‘it’ while pointing to the player one by one-“langit lupa impyerno. im im impyerno. Saksak puso tulo anf dugo, patay buhay alis diyan.” The player will be the ‘it;, if he/she is pointed after the song. Then the ‘it’ will chase and tag the players who remain on the ground. A player cannot be tag if he/she will stay above the ground.’ will chase and tag the players who remain on the ground. A player cannot be tag if he/she will stay above the ground.